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Bash find man page

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This text is a brief description of the features that are present in the Bash shell version 5. This is Edition 5. Bash contains features that appear in other popular shells, and some features that only appear in Bash. Some of the shells that Bash has borrowed concepts from are the Bourne Shell sh , the Korn Shell ksh , and the C-shell csh and its successor, tcsh. The following menu breaks the features up into categories, noting which features were inspired by other shells and which are specific to Bash. This manual is meant as a brief introduction to features found in Bash.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Linux Command Line Tutorial For Beginners 29 - find command

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Linux/Mac Terminal Tutorial: How To Use The find Command

Finding Files

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By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. It only takes a minute to sign up. Pay attention to the section number: Suppose you want help on printf. The bash version of printf is in section 1, the C version is in section 3 or 3C. If you don't know which one you want, type man -a printf , and all manual pages will be displayed. You may find something like formats 5 , which suggests you to type man 5 formats.

If you are annoyed that man printf gives you printf 1 and all you want is printf 3 , you have to change the order of scanned directories in the MANPATH environment variable and put the ones for C language before the ones for shell commands. This gives you a summary of commands of requested section. Last but not least: information delivered in man pages is not redundant, so read carefully from beginning to end for increasing your chances to find what you need.

Then keep pressing n to get to the next item. In addition, don't be intimidated by the info pages. I know plenty of people who don't use the info pages because of the built-in navigation system. My favorite solution is to pipe the info pages through less :. This way, I can navigate the info pages using my favorite pager. The info pages will now behave the same as man pages. The apropos utility is seriously handy for finding the appropriate manpage.

The default pager for reading a man page is less. There is documentation on less here. The commands shown under this section in info page are selectable by placing the cursor on the desired command and then pressing enter key.

Frequently I find other useful commands or functions that way. I suppose, using most pager is a good idea. This pager is very powerful, but the main feature for me - displaying colored man-pages. This feature improves perception of plain text and eases searching of needed information.

Don't ignore the info pages. Many GNU tools have far more extensive info pages than man pages. Also, if you are an emacs user, don't forget you can read info and manual pages without leaving your editor: M-x info and M-x woman. In Linux man , you can do man -K string note the uppercase K to do a brute force search of a given term.

From Kristof answer, if you i. Note the number in the parenthesis, it means the section to look for in the manual pages:. For those longer, more complex man pages I find it much easier to read them away from a computer odd, I know and so I have these functions in my.

Dayum, people! What's with the convoluted answers?! Whatever happened to simplicity being the key to brilliance and what not?

In case of the former, a lowercase n will scroll through matches forward, a capital N will go backward. The opposite is true for the latter-the question mark. Slightly more complex searches through regular expressions. The difference between man or less and VIM is that you have to use the escape character to declare metacharacters in your expression when using the latter.

The good news is that when you are using the former man or less -not so much. If your are unfamiliar with regular expressions, this means "Search for instances of words iptables OR rules ".

After entering this and keeping on pressing n you will be scrolling through the alternating results of the search with the results being nicely highlighted for you with different colors two, actually. If your are trying to skim through the page and want to concentrate on specific terms or concepts-you won't miss a single thing! In man you can use all the keys mentioned below without using Ctrl.

That's for vi only. However, if you want to stay "" and "never leave the home row" like I do lol -it's the way to go. What I'm trying to say is that UNIX has two main flavors of keyboard program controls, which are both parts of the readline library: vi and emacs. Up your chops in either one but, preferably-in both and it'll make your life a lot less complicated. BASH uses emacs controls by default, but it can easily be set to "vi mode" by typing in set -o vi.

The same can be said for regular expressions, but that's going to be way off-topic. I'd even go as far as to say that both of these are the "lingua franca" of UNIX.

Now vimman is an excellent manpage viewer, and :Man from within Vim or simply hitting K over a keyword is an excellent manpage browser. Most of us set the PATH variable. This will show you how to automatically make the man search path match your command search PATH. To resolve this, I use the manpath command to automatically set the man page search path. This works for me on a hundred different systems running everything from FreeBSD 4. If you are annoyed that man printf gives you printf 1 and all you want is printf 3 , you can tell man you want the printf from section 3 by putting the section before printf, like so: man 3 printf , without having to change the order of scanned directories in the MANPATH environment variable and put the ones for C language before the ones for shell commands.

I just use grep. If i were to wonder what the -s option of the read command did, i'd try these commands in order until i got an answer:. In this case only the info command provided a clear answer.

This excellent answer gives the details on the different help systems. If you find it hard to read the manpages because of all white colored text, you can colorize them. Most man pages open with less. For less , I use the following color settings in. This is for bash and zsh. For most , fish , xterm and rxvt see the link above. Colors in Man Pages.

The apropos 1 command is used for searching man pages. However, most implementations of apropos 1 just search in the NAME section, which is very limiting. NetBSD has a full text search implementation of apropos 1 , which is capable of searching the complete content of man pages. There is also a web based interface for it: man-k. Also works great with refular screen and mouse :.

Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Tricks and tips for finding information in man pages [closed] Ask Question. Asked 9 years, 8 months ago. Active 2 years, 2 months ago. Viewed 55k times. Active Oldest Votes. Sections are well defined: 1 is for shell commands, 2 is for system calls, 3 is for programming interfaces sometimes 3C for C, 3F for Fortran On most systems you can check out man man to see a full description of the various sections.

I recently couldn't remember the name of the c function to find a substring the strstr , and I had no an internet around me. Hi-Angel man -k substring or apropos substring would have helped you. Alexander Pogrebnyak. Kristof Provost. And to list all man pages which relate to 'search' in specific section number 3, for instance one could use this: man -k search -s 3 Also mentioned in superuser.

I know comments like this on are frowned upon, but thank you, thank you, thank you! I have literally been searching for a command like this for longer than I'd care to admit As Steven D says, don't forget the info pages.

My favorite solution is to pipe the info pages through less : info gpg less This way, I can navigate the info pages using my favorite pager. Hank Gay. I think apropos is a little more powerful. I generally use 'man -k' as it's slightly shorter. If the page is covered with uninteresting matches, hit space to go to the next page. Add an before the regular expression to search from the start. THIS is the best answer. Extra points for using kbd symbols.

Look at the attached screenshot, text looks very nice, isn't it? You have left out the most important piece of information: how do I use most to view man pages. In Linux man , you can do man -K string note the uppercase K to do a brute force search of a given term -K, --global-apropos Search for text in all manual pages.

find(1) - Linux man page

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I was wondering

This file documents the GNU utilities for finding files that match certain criteria and performing various operations on them. This file documents the GNU utilities for finding files that match certain criteria and performing various actions on them.

Search a folder hierarchy for filename s that meet a desired criteria: Name, Size, File Type - see examples. GNU find searches the directory tree rooted at each given file name by evaluating the given expression from left to right, according to the rules of precedence see Operators , until the outcome is known the left hand side is false for AND operations, true for OR , at which point find moves on to the next file name. The -H, -L and -P options control the treatment of symbolic links. That argument and any following arguments are taken to be the expression describing what is to be searched for. If no paths are given, the current directory is used.

Use the Unix find command to search for files

Section-num : Since a manual is divided into multiple sections so this option is used to display only a specific section of a manual. So this option gives the section in which the given command is present. In this example you can move through the manual pages sections i. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below. Writing code in comment? Please use ide.

Using Find

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. It only takes a minute to sign up. Pay attention to the section number: Suppose you want help on printf. The bash version of printf is in section 1, the C version is in section 3 or 3C. If you don't know which one you want, type man -a printf , and all manual pages will be displayed.

This is due in part to a complex syntax perhaps the most complex of all the standard Unix commands that aren't actually programming languages like awk ; and in part to poorly written man pages.

The find command allows users to search for files and take actions on them. It is highly flexible, allowing you to look for files and directories based on a variety of conditions. Optionally, it also allows you to take different types of actions on the results. In this article, we will understand how to work with the find command.

Bash Reference Manual

To use the find command, at the Unix prompt, enter:. Leave the double quotes in. The find command will begin looking in the starting directory you specify and proceed to search through all accessible subdirectories.

In Unix-like and some other operating systems , find is a command-line utility that locates files based on some user -specified criteria and then applies some requested action on each matched object. It initiates a search from a desired starting location and then recursively traversing the nodes directories of a hierarchical structure typically a tree. The possible search criteria include a pattern to match against the filename or a time range to match against the modification time or access time of the file. By default, find returns a list of all files below the current working directory , although users can limit the search to any desired maximum number of levels under the starting directory. The related locate programs use a database of indexed files obtained through find updated at regular intervals, typically by cron job to provide a faster method of searching the entire file system for files by name.

FreeBSD Manual Pages

Want to link to this manual page? Skip site navigation 1 Skip section navigation 2 Header And Logo. Peripheral Links. Donate to FreeBSD. The options are as follows: -E Interpret regular expressions followed by -regex and -iregex pri- maries as extended modern regular expressions rather than basic regular expressions BRE's. If the referenced file does not exist, the file information and type will be for the link itself. File information of all symbolic links not on the command line is that of the link itself. If the referenced file does not ex- ist, the file information and type will be for the link itself.

The find command allows users to search for files and take actions on them. If you want to read more, you can read the man page by typing man find in your.

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