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When does a woman get endometriosis

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Can I get pregnant if I have endometriosis?

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

Endometriosis at midlife and beyond

Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. Endometriosis is a condition in which cells similar to those that line the uterus — the endometrium — grow in locations outside the uterus. The endometrium normally responds to the sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone.

In women with endometriosis, these endometrium-like cells growing outside the uterus also respond to these hormones. During ovulation, the endometrium and the endometrium-like cells thicken. Unlike the endometrium, the misplaced endometrium-like cells cannot leave the body via menstruation. They bleed, cause inflammation and pain, and then heal. Over time, this process can create scar tissue. Fibrous scar tissue can form on the lining inside the abdomen the peritoneum , causing the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and bowel to stick to each other.

Endometriosis may cause very painful periods and may reduce fertility, but there are a number of treatment options. The pain of endometriosis can be so bad that it stops you from going to work or school. Usually, it causes pain around the time of your period, but for some women, the pain is almost constant. If you need treatment, you may need emotional as well as physical support. The symptoms of endometriosis include:. Many women think that painful periods are normal.

If you have bad period pain, see your doctor. The causes of endometriosis remain unknown, but research suggests a number of possible causes and risk factors. This is when some of the menstrual fluid flows backwards into the fallopian tubes instead of leaving the body through the vagina. Because the fallopian tubes are open-ended they are not joined to the ovaries , menstrual fluid can drip into the pelvic cavity.

It is suspected that, in women who experience endometriosis, the endometrial tissue contained in the menstrual fluid sticks to whatever structures it lands on such as the ovaries and the cells begin to grow. Retrograde menstruation occurs in almost all women, but only 10 per cent of menstruating women develop endometriosis.

One theory suggests that the immune systems of some women allow endometriosis to develop by failing to control or stop the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Research suggests that inheritance might play a role in the development of endometriosis. Women who have a first-degree relative mother or sister with endometriosis are more likely to have the condition.

Diagnosis usually begins with a detailed medical history to help your GP exclude other possible causes of your symptoms. Diagnosis of endometriosis can be difficult. The presence of typical symptoms of endometriosis and pain that does not improve with the usual medications for period pain can indicate the presence of the condition.

If necessary, further tests that can help diagnosis include:. Endometriosis does not usually show up during an internal pelvic examination. Your doctor may need to refer you to a gynaecologist. There is no known cure for endometriosis, but it can be treated with medication or with surgery. Most of the time, both medication and surgery are used. Some women also benefit from natural therapies. Removal of scar tissue with surgery is the most effective treatment to lessen the chances of recurrence of endometriosis.

In mild cases of endometriosis, it may be possible to simply monitor the condition with regular visits to your GP or gynaecologist.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and mefenamic acid can help to control any associated pain. A mild condition can become moderate to severe. If symptoms progress, talk over the treatment options with your healthcare professional before making a decision. The endometrium-like cells are sensitive to hormones and respond to cyclical fluctuations of oestrogen and progesterone during the menstrual cycle.

This causes bleeding and pain which hormone therapy can sometimes effectively manage. Options for hormone therapy include:. Make sure you are well informed about the possible side effects of these options before you and your doctor decide on your treatment.

Make sure you discuss these surgical options with your doctor before you make a decision, and that you are well informed about the potential benefits and risks. In some cases, a woman will benefit from undergoing hormone therapy as well as surgery. Hormone therapy may be offered before or after the surgery, depending on the circumstances. Some women find natural therapies to be helpful in treating the symptoms of endometriosis.

It is important that you always tell your doctor about the kinds of complementary therapies you are using or considering as they may affect other treatments that you might be using. These therapies may help to treat the symptoms you experience:. The following content is displayed as Tabs.

Once you have activated a link navigate to the end of the list to view its associated content. The activated link is defined as Active Tab. Pelvic floor exercises are designed to improve muscle tone and prevent the need for corrective surgery It also helps to know how pregnancy may affect your emotions and feelings Adjusting to the many changes that happen around puberty can be difficult for both parents and young people New life begins when a male sex cell sperm fertilises a female egg ovum within the female reproductive system Transvaginal mesh has been used for more than 20 years to manage problems for women such as prolapse and incontinence.

While this treatment is successful for many women, some unfortunately have The menstrual cycle is complex and is controlled by many different glands and the hormones that these glands produce Some women are more at risk of amenorrhoea the absence of periods because of emotional stress or changes in weight Women who are athletes or who exercise a lot on a regular basis are at risk of developing athletic amenorrhoea, which is the absence of periods Women of any age can experience painful periods and some women find periods are no longer painful after pregnancy and childbirth The female body shows several signs of ovulation and you may experience some or all of these signs Ovulation pain is usually harmless, but can sometimes indicate various medical conditions such as endometriosis If you think you could have toxic shock syndrome, stop using tampons immediately and go to the emergency department of your nearest hospital Hormone replacement therapy HRT can reduce menopausal symptoms, but the benefits and risks need to be considered carefully The use of complementary therapies to manage menopausal symptoms is popular, but the sources of information available to consumers are of variable quality and reliability Regular weight-bearing exercise and maintaining a diet rich in calcium from childhood will help reduce bone loss at menopause Menopause, the final menstrual period, is a natural event that marks the end of a woman's reproductive years Weight gain at menopause can be managed using healthy eating and exercise; HRT may also be beneficial In Victoria, you can have two types of abortion: surgical and medication.

Both types are safe and reliable. You can have a medication abortion up to nine weeks of pregnancy. You can have a surgical Age affects the fertility of both men and women, and is the single biggest factor affecting a woman? IVF in-vitro-fertilization and ICSI intracytoplasmic sperm injection are assisted reproductive treatment ART procedures in which fertilisation of an egg occurs outside the body Whether you have a surgical or medical abortion you can become fertile again very soon after the abortion, so it's important to start using contraception immediately if you wish to prevent any The method of contraception you choose will depend on your general health, lifestyle and relationships This page shows you where to find translated information about the different methods of contraception how to prevent getting pregnant available in Australia Ectopic pregnancy is caused by a fertilised egg not being able to move through the fallopian tube Learn some facts about endometriosis.

We debunk some myths and explore symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options for women The odds of a young fertile couple conceiving by having sexual intercourse around the time of ovulation are approximately one in five every month Most molar pregnancies are diagnosed when bleeding early in pregnancy prompts an ultrasound scan Placental abruption means the placenta has detached from the wall of the uterus, starving the baby of oxygen and nutrients Placenta previa means the placenta has implanted at the bottom of the uterus, over the cervix or close by An obstetric emergency may arise when a woman is pregnant, or during her delivery.

In this case, extra care is needed. A woman may need a lot of tests and treatments, and extended hospital stays. There is no evidence that pre-eclampsia is caused by emotional stress, working too hard or not getting enough rest Multiple births are more common due to the advancing average age of mothers and the rise in assisted reproductive techniques Compared with women in the healthy weight range, women who are carrying extra weight are less likely to conceive Women should become familiar with the normal look, feel and shape of their breasts, so they will notice any abnormal changes There are different types of breast cancer, and around 70 per cent are sensitive to the female sex hormone oestrogen The vast majority of breast changes are not breast cancer, but you should always see your doctor if you notice changes in your breasts Breastfeeding positioning and attachment come naturally to some babies and mothers, but many need time and practice to get it right Breast reduction surgery removes excess breast fat, glandular tissue and skin to achieve a breast size in proportion with your body Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a hormonal condition associated with irregular menstrual cycles, excess hair growth, acne, reduced fertility, and increased risk of diabetes and mood changes Salpingitis is one of the most common causes of female infertility and may permanently damage the fallopian tubes

Myths and misconceptions in endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when cells similar to those that line the uterus are found in other parts of the body, commonly a woman's pelvic and reproductive organs. Endometriosis, pronounced end-o-me-tree-oh-sis or just endo , is a progressive, chronic condition where cells similar to those that line the uterus the endometrium are found in other parts of the body. It most commonly occurs in the pelvis and can affect a woman's reproductive organs. Studies suggest that endometriosis affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age, with an estimated million women worldwide having the condition. Endometrial cells found outside the uterus grow to form lesions or patches that bleed and leak fluid in response to your hormones at the time of the period.

Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus, or endometrium, is found outside of the womb, where the tissue should not be. The result is inflammation, as the tissue responds to the monthly fluctuations of a woman's menstrual cycle.

All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. The javascript used in this widget is not supported by your browser. Please enable JavaScript for full functionality. Endometriosis happens when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus womb grows outside of the uterus.

Know the signs and symptoms of endometriosis

Endometriosis is progressive and debilitating disease of the female reproductive system. It is often accompanied by chronic pain and can contribute to infertility, but early detection and treatment can help manage the condition. Stray endometrial tissue is known as endometrial implants or lesions. Endometriosis can affect the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bowel, and lining of the pelvis. Other common sites include the cervix, vagina, vulva, ureters the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder and bladder. Stray endometrial tissue continues to act as it usually would inside the uterus. It thickens, breaks down, and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. The presence of stray tissue can be a constant source of irritation and inflammation to the pelvic area. This can lead to the formation of scar tissue and adhesions, which are abnormal bands of tissue that bind the pelvic organs together.


Endometriosis occurs in women of reproductive age. Because women suffering from endometriosis often display no symptoms and are unaware of their condition, it is difficult to determine exactly what proportion of women develop endometriosis. Menstruation and the associated changes in hormone levels particularly oestrogen stimulates the growth of endometrial tissues. Suppressing menstruation usually through oral contraceptive use therefore has a protective effect in relation to endometriosis. Early menarche that is first menstruation and late menopause increase the risk of developing menstruation.

It affects these women and girls during the prime of their lives and through no personal failing in lifestyle choices.

Endometriosis symptoms usually subside after menopause, but not always. And they are sometimes related to other health problems. Crippling menstrual cramps, gastrointestinal problems, and pain during sex are among the most common and distressing symptoms of endometriosis, a gynecological disorder that affects as many as 1 in 10 women.


Governor Hogan announced that health care institutions in Maryland can start performing elective surgical cases in guidance with the State Department of Health. Learn what Johns Hopkins is doing. Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition affecting an estimated 2 to 10 percent of American women of childbearing age. The name of this condition comes from the word "endometrium," which is the tissue that lines the uterus.

Endometriosis occurs when bits of the tissue that lines the uterus endometrium grow on other pelvic organs, such as the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Outside the uterus, endometrial tissue thickens and bleeds, just as the normal endometrium does during the menstrual cycle. Endometriosis en-doe-me-tree-O-sis is an often painful disorder in which tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs.

Symptoms & causes

Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. Endometriosis is a condition in which cells similar to those that line the uterus — the endometrium — grow in locations outside the uterus. The endometrium normally responds to the sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone. In women with endometriosis, these endometrium-like cells growing outside the uterus also respond to these hormones. During ovulation, the endometrium and the endometrium-like cells thicken.

Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue similar to that which forms the lining of Some women experience mild symptoms, but others can have moderate to.

Phone: Endometriosis is a disorder where the tissue that makes up the uterine lining the lining of the womb grows outside the uterus. Endometriosis is usually found in the lower abdomen, or pelvis, but can appear anywhere in the body.







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