Can a woman get pregnant on the period
Can You Get Pregnant on Your Period?
There are some normal—and some not-so-normal—reasons this can occur. What could cause you not to get your periods? Could you be pregnant and not know it? What do your periods have to do with getting pregnant? It marks the end of one menstrual cycle. At the start of your monthly cycle, specific hormones tell your ovaries to start developing an egg. The egg, or oocyte , is contained inside a follicle. This follicle is like a tiny bubble. Fluid, nutrients, and the immature egg are contained inside the follicle.
The hormones stimulate the follicle and egg to grow. This goes on for about 12 to 14 days, though the number of days can vary. Eventually, the egg reaches maturity. The follicle bursts open, and the egg is released from the ovary. This is called ovulation. The egg only lives for 12 to 24 hours. If you have had sexual intercourse within five days of ovulation , there may be sperm waiting in the reproductive system. The egg has a short lifespan, but sperm can survive in the female reproductive system for up to five days.
Sexual intercourse on the actual day of ovulation, and even the day after, can also lead to conception. If a sperm cell fertilizes the egg, you will become pregnant. After ovulation occurs, the hormone progesterone triggers the lining of your uterus to prepare for a fertilized egg, or embryo.
The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. For the next 10 to 15 days, the endometrium will build up, becoming thicker and changing its physiological structure to be just right for an embryo. If you conceived, an embryo will implant itself into the uterine lining between seven and 10 days after ovulation.
This will trigger different hormones to prepare the body to nurture a pregnancy. Lowering levels of progesterone will eventually signal the endometrium to break down and expel itself. This is your period. Your period marks the ending of one cycle. If you get your period, it is likely but not certain that you ovulated within the past two weeks. Ovulation is required to get pregnant.
If you are not getting your periods, you are probably not ovulating regularly. There are a number of reasons this may occur more on that below. As mentioned above, menstruation marks the end of one cycle. The end of your cycle is marked by your period starting, but there are no obvious signs that your body has begun a cycle. You can ovulate and not know it. You will only know you ovulated if you get your period or, if you had sexual intercourse within your fertile window , you get pregnant.
The medical term for a lack of menstrual cycles is amenorrhea. You may be pregnant. If you have had regular periods, and then suddenly stop getting your period, you may be pregnant. This is likely the first thing you thought of when your period was late, and you have likely already taken a pregnancy test.
But what if your pregnancy test was negative? Could you still be pregnant? Exclusively breastfeeding a baby can prevent your periods from coming. It depends on how often you are breastfeeding and your personal biology.
Your chosen method of birth control has stopped your periods. Some forms of birth control can stop your periods. Your doctor should have told you if this was possible when they prescribed it. How long will it take for your periods to return after you stop taking the birth control? It depends on your body and your contraception choice. A medication you're taking has stopped your cycles. Other medications that may stop your cycles include some psychiatric drugs, chemotherapy, allergy medications, and blood pressure pills.
Obesity is one of the most common causes of infertility. Losing weight may restart or regulate your cycles. With obesity, too much fat throws off the normal hormonal balance in the body. When a woman is underweight, the lack of fat can throw her reproductive cycle off. If this is the problem, bringing your weight up should restart your cycles.
Athletes may have a high percentage of muscle and a low percentage of body fat. This can cause their menstrual cycles to be irregular or even stop completely. Excessive exercise can also cause your periods to become irregular or stop.
Stress can cause you to skip a period or two. You have PCOS. Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS is a common cause of female infertility. One of the primary symptoms is irregular or absent periods. You have primary ovarian insufficiency. Also known as premature ovarian failure, primary ovarian insufficiency POI can cause a woman to have irregular or absent periods.
Sometimes, a woman with POI will go months or even years without a period, only to have them restart without explanation. You have some other hormonal imbalance. Some other conditions that can lead to irregular or a lack of periods include a thyroid imbalance, endometriosis, an underlying untreated medical condition like diabetes , and hyperprolactinemia. There is a structural problem with your uterus. Scarring of the uterus can cause your periods to be irregular or stop completely.
This is sometimes the first fear women have when they suddenly stop getting their period, even if they are years and years away from it becoming a reality. Make sure that you and your partner are evaluated. Talk to your doctor about the best contraceptive choice for you. Get diet and wellness tips to help your kids stay healthy and happy. Labbok MH. Clin Obstet Gynecol. Obesity and menstrual disorders. Endocrinol Metab Seoul.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Patel S. Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS , an inflammatory, systemic, lifestyle endocrinopathy. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. Primary ovarian insufficiency. Understanding Ovulation. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns?
Article Sources. Verywell Family uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Related Articles. Irregular Cycles? Here's How to Get Pregnant. Anovulation and Ovulatory Dysfunction. How the Female Body Really Works.
When is the best time of the month to try for a baby?
If you are wondering whether you can get pregnant while on your period, the answer is not as simple as you think. All birth control methods can fail, even those with the highest effectiveness rate like intrauterine devices IUD or tubal ligation. People should understand how well each option works prior to deciding upon a method of contraception. When using fertility awareness as a method of birth control, fewer than five out of women will become pregnant during the first year of perfect use.
Having sex intercourse during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant. Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg then moves down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilised. Pregnancy is technically only possible if you have sex during the five days before ovulation or on the day of ovulation. But the most fertile days are the three days leading up to and including ovulation.
Can you get pregnant on your period?
It's a common misconception that if a woman has sex during her period she cannot become pregnant. While a woman is unlikely to get pregnant during her period, it is absolutely possible. Hakakha says. If there is no fertilization, the lining of the uterus is sloughed off about 14 days later. This is called your period. Most women have periods that last from two days to eight days and take place every 26 to 34 days. During this time, your chances of conceiving drop as the hormone progesterone rises, signaling your ovaries to stop releasing eggs for the month.
Birth Control, Pregnancy & STDs
But it is possible for a girl to get pregnant while she is bleeding. This can happen for a couple of reasons:. Having unprotected sex at any time is risky: Along with the chance of getting pregnant, you can also get a sexually transmitted disease STD , such as chlamydia, genital warts, or HIV. The only way to prevent pregnancy and STDs is abstinence. If you do have sex, use a condom every time to protect against unplanned pregnancy and STDs.
Relying on your menstrual cycle as a means of birth control is definitely risky, because you can indeed get pregnant on your period. Meanwhile, the uterus is building up a lining just in case it needs to host a growing embryo. If egg meets sperm during ovulation and implants in that lining, bingo — baby on board.
Your Fertility right time for sex
A lot of advice on when to conceive focuses on timing sex around your ovulation dates. However, one of the best ways to increase your chances of conceiving is to have regular sex throughout your menstrual cycle. This will mean there is always sperm waiting to meet the egg when it is released. If sperm are not ejaculated frequently, but held back in a man's tubes for more than about three days, the quality greatly deteriorates.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Understanding a Woman's Fertility Cycle
Periods come with enough to stress out about: Cramps, cravings, and mood swings are just a few of the not-so-fun symptoms of your monthly menstruation. Even though you and your S. So can you get pregnant on your period? The short answer is yes, it is possible—for two reasons. This means that a woman is not pregnant, but is now starting her cycle over again, and will ovulate in a few weeks.
Can a Girl Get Pregnant if She Has Sex During Her Period?
There are some normal—and some not-so-normal—reasons this can occur. What could cause you not to get your periods? Could you be pregnant and not know it? What do your periods have to do with getting pregnant? It marks the end of one menstrual cycle. At the start of your monthly cycle, specific hormones tell your ovaries to start developing an egg.